Future of Mechanical Engineering - evergreen or dead?

Updated: Jan 18

Mechanical engineering is an evergreen discipline of engineering that has contributed to numerous advances over time. Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest fields of engineering, and it deals with thermodynamics, fluids, mechanics, and structural analysis. Let us explore future of mechanical engineering - evergreen or dead? Even now, mechanical engineering has a broad reach. These ideas are employed to create some of the best and most efficient state-of-the-art automobiles, manufacturing units, planes, and other industrial apparatus. Mechanical engineers contribute considerably to the development of power equipment, engines, and complicated machinery systems, in addition to machinery and vehicles. Mechanical engineers are responsible for not only the design and manufacture of machinery and equipment, but also its maintenance and testing.


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However, this evergreen sector of engineering is being questioned about whether it is still the ideal path for students who enjoy machines. People have begun to question their decision to pursue mechanical engineering as a career path due to a lack of employment offers or placement chances for the large number of graduates. So, in this section, we'll talk about mechanical engineering's scope and future prospects.



What is mechanical engineering?


Mechanical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with machine design, manufacture, maintenance, and testing. It is also regarded as one of the most diverse and adaptable engineering specialties. Mechanics, material science, applied mathematics, and physics are all used in mechanical engineering.




Mechanical engineering has gained new prominence as a result of the advancement of modern technology, with an increasing number of students electing to study less-explored disciplines such as robotics, mechatronics, nanotechnology, and so on.


Future scope and new trends of mechanical engineering


Mechanical engineering's scope is no longer restricted to the design and testing of large machinery and equipment. With technological improvements, there are various new disciplines in mechanical engineering that motivated engineers are pursuing. Robotics, novel materials, nanotechnology, computer-aided design, geomechanics, and other areas are among them. Robotics and mechatronics are two popular sectors, both of which mix mechanical engineering knowledge with other disciplines to create cutting-edge technologies.



Robotics - Robotics is an interdisciplinary engineering field that includes mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and computer science with the goal of designing and developing robotic systems as well as the computer systems that operate them. Robotics as a stream has been on the rise since the AI revolution began, and it is likely to grow in both reach and demand over the next decade.


Mechatronics – Like mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and information technology, Mechatronics is an interdisciplinary discipline of engineering. A mechatronic engineer is in charge of creating sophisticated engineering systems, as well as assisting in process automation and testing the systems in use.


A range of new systems are being designed under the supervision of professional mechanical engineers, from autos to heavy-duty lifting machines and even modern aircrafts that defy speed barriers. Mechanical engineers are no longer restricted to working in the industrial business. Mechanical engineers are welcomed with open arms and large pay packages in a variety of industries, as long as the candidates are knowledgeable and proficient.


The current market situation and its potential

Mechanical engineers earn less than Rs. 3.4 lakhs a year on average, according to the website payscale.com. Only a few abilities can offer value to this remuneration package. Knowledge in robotics or robotics process automation, as well as a thorough understanding of electrical systems, for example, might help a recruitment agency offer you a better pay package based on their needs. Mechanical engineering is anticipated to rise again, despite its lower pay package than computer science.



Mechanical engineering's future scope and demand in industry appear to be bright. According to a research published in 2016 by the global consulting firm Deloitte, India's manufacturing sector is anticipated to expand dramatically by 2020. According to its assessment on the Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index, India will rise six places to fifth place. According to Deloitte's analysis, India will enhance its position in the manufacturing sector, creating countless new prospects for mechanical engineers in the country. However, the remuneration packages of these mechanical engineers will be determined by their abilities and knowledge, which is why it is critical to close the skill gap by educating fresh graduates on the most up-to-date techniques and technology in the industry.


Job prospects in industries for mechanical engineers

When it comes to the many employment roles for mechanical engineers, they can be broadly divided into the following categories:


Design - Mechanical engineers in this capacity would be in charge of generating technical sketches using tools or computers. Any mechanical engineer who can draw sketches or use computer-aided design software is excellent for this job.


Production - In the manufacturing of machines and their components, the production job function frequently entails consulting and monitoring. This is the career role for you if you want to learn about manufacturing techniques and production processes.


Analysis and Testing - You'd be in charge of analysing and testing machine parts, systems, and equipment in this position. Checking for flaws that may have arisen during the production or design stages would be one of your tasks.


Installation & Maintenance - The job entails understanding of how to install machine parts in an industrial setting, as well as how to maintain them according to the supplied standards. Only individuals with a strong practical knowledge base rather than theoretical understanding are suggested for installation and maintenance.



Research - Last but not least, one of the most intriguing career responsibilities in mechanical engineering is research. Researching and applying results for the development of new items employing cutting-edge technologies would be part of your employment responsibilities.


As you can see, mechanical engineering's breadth and job prospects are not only good, but also promising in the near future. Mechanical engineering degrees are always in high demand because it is a foundational discipline that is required by practically every branch of study. Here are a few of the top industries that are continuously on the hunt for qualified mechanical engineers:


Automobile Manufacturing – The automobile business, as one of the fastest expanding industries, provides mechanical engineers with a wide range of options. Some of the world's most prestigious automobile brands have begun to invest in the recruitment of fresh talent for research and development of transportation systems such as autonomous vehicles, bullet trains, and pod-based transportation systems, from design through manufacturing and even maintenance. As a result, mechanical engineers have a lot of opportunities in the vehicle business if they have the correct set of talents and desire, which can lead to a rewarding career.


Aerospace Sector - The aerospace industry is not far behind when it comes to creativity and ideas, from producing flying automobiles to reusable satellites and rockets. The aerospace sector is quickly increasing its scope as a result of technical breakthroughs, necessitating the hiring of skilled mechanical engineers with practical experience. Mechanical engineers can work in a range of areas in the industry, from design through manufacturing, testing, and R&D, where they can apply physics, aerodynamics, and dynamics to improve system design and efficiency.


Robotics and Mechatronics - Robotic process automation as well as robotics as a whole are the hottest new trends. Almost every industry is seeking for ways to improve productivity and lower operating costs by implementing automation. The execution, on the other hand, necessitates the supervision and efforts of experienced mechanical engineers. Robotics and mechatronics will always have a role for mechanical engineers to play, whether it's in the design and production of a new robotics system or the adoption of process automation for inventory management.


Power and Metal Plants - The power industry is a significant contribution to our country's economy. There are multiple thermal power plants across the country, and because these facilities rely on thermodynamics and material science principles, mechanical engineering degrees are also necessary.

Similar ideas are used in steel factories, which is why companies like SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited) hire a big number of mechanical engineers every year.


Bridging the skill gap and preparing for the challenges

It is certain that demand for mechanical engineers will soon outstrip supply, reestablishing mechanical engineering as one of the most highly regarded engineering fields. However, one of the greatest challenges facing today's freshly graduated students is a lack of skills and knowledge as a result of the old school curriculum, which is still being followed despite the advent of various new trends and technologies. The key to landing a solid job following your mechanical engineering education is to bridge the skill gap. You must be prepared for industrial demands in everything from coding to communication skills and the ability to create interpersonal relationships.



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